Understanding How Implantable Contact Lens Surgery Works?

icl eye surgery procedure

Implantable Contact Lens (ICL) Surgery is a remarkable solution for those seeking long-lasting vision correction. As a viable alternative to conventional contact lenses or LASIK surgery, ICL offers excellent outcomes with less maintenance. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through procedure of ICL eye surgery, from the preparation process to postoperative care.

What Is Implantable Contact Lens (ICL) Surgery?

ICL Surgery is an innovative eye procedure that involves inserting an artificial lens, called an implantable contact lens, behind the iris and in front of the natural lens. This surgically placed lens corrects refractive errors and improves vision. It’s especially beneficial for patients with severe myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), or astigmatism.

How is ICL Eye Surgery Done?

The Implantable Contact Lens (ICL) procedure is an efficient and minimally invasive process. It’s performed by a trained ophthalmic surgeon and usually takes about 20 to 30 minutes per eye. Here’s a detailed overview of the process:

  • Preparation: The first step is to prepare the eye for surgery. Eye drops are administered to numb the eye and ensure patient comfort. Sometimes, a mild sedative may also be given to ease any nerves.
  • Creating the Incision: The surgeon then creates a micro-incision at the base of the cornea, often no larger than 3mm. This small incision size promotes quick healing and reduces the risk of complications.
  • Inserting the Lens: The ICL is folded and inserted through the incision using a special injector. Once inside the eye, the lens is gently unfolded and positioned behind the iris and in front of the natural lens.
  • Final Adjustments: After positioning the lens, the surgeon ensures it’s correctly aligned for optimal visual results. Minute adjustments are made as needed.
  • Completion: The incision is self-sealing and typically doesn’t require sutures. Antibiotic eye drops are applied to prevent infection, and a protective shield may be placed over the eye to safeguard it from inadvertent rubbing or pressure.
  • Postoperative Recovery: Most patients notice an immediate improvement in their vision. The full recovery period can vary but usually spans a few days to a few weeks.

Who Isn’t Suitable for ICL Surgery?

Generally, the suitable age range for ICL surgery is between 21 and 45 years. While many people can benefit from ICL surgery, it isn’t the right choice for everyone. Certain factors may make an individual unsuitable for this procedure:

  • Eye Health: Patients with certain eye conditions, such as glaucoma, iritis, or corneal disease, may not be suitable candidates for ICL surgery.
  • Systemic Health: Certain systemic conditions, like autoimmune diseases or diabetes, can impact healing and may disqualify a patient from being an ICL candidate.
  • Pregnancy: Hormonal changes during pregnancy can affect vision, so it’s generally recommended that women wait until after pregnancy and nursing before considering ICL surgery.
  • Extreme Refractive Errors: Although ICL can correct a wide range of refractive errors, those with extremely high prescriptions might not be suitable candidates.

Are There Any Side Effects Of ICL Eye Surgery?

Side Effects Of ICL Eye SurgeryLike any surgical procedure, ICL eye surgery does come with potential side effects and risks. It’s important to remember that most patients undergo this procedure without serious complications and are satisfied with the outcome. However, it’s essential to be aware of the potential side effects to make an informed decision:

  • Dry Eyes: Some patients may experience dry eyes after ICL surgery. This condition is usually temporary and can be managed with lubricating eye drops.
  • Glare and Halos: Patients might notice glare or halos around lights, particularly at night. These phenomena are typically more noticeable immediately after surgery and usually decrease over time.
  • Cataracts: Although rare, the development of cataracts is a possible risk of ICL surgery. This risk can be minimized by careful patient selection and surgical technique.
  • Infection: As with any surgery, there is a risk of infection with ICL surgery. However, adherence to postoperative care instructions can significantly reduce this risk.
  • Retinal Detachment: While extremely rare, retinal detachment is a serious complication that can occur after ICL surgery. Immediate medical attention is required if you notice sudden flashes of light, a shower of floaters, or a shadow or curtain moving across your field of vision.
  • Changes in Intraocular Pressure: There could be an increase in eye pressure after ICL surgery. However, this is typically temporary and can be managed with medications.

While these side effects might sound concerning, it’s important to note that they are relatively rare and that the vast majority of patients experience a significant improvement in vision with manageable or no side effects.


Implantable Contact Lens (ICL) surgery has emerged as a significant advancement in the realm of vision correction. Offering a combination of benefits, including the ability to correct a broad range of refractive errors, reversibility, and excellent visual outcomes, it represents a compelling option for many individuals.

Whether it’s ICL surgery, LASIK, or another method of vision correction, the goal remains the same: to improve the quality of your vision and, in turn, enhance the quality of your life. Lasik surgery is a safe 10 minute procedure to help you get rid of glasses. EyeMantra offers the most advanced lasik options including PRK, Femto Lasik, SMILE surgery, Standard lasik, ICL and Contoura vision. If you have any questions on Lasik surgery in Delhi, Lasik surgery cost and Lasik procedure, call us at 9711116605 or email at [email protected].

FAQs About ICL Surgery

1. Is ICL Surgery Better Than LASIK?

Both ICL and LASIK are effective procedures for correcting refractive errors. The choice between ICL and LASIK depends on several factors, including the severity of the patient’s refractive error, the thickness of the cornea, the patient’s lifestyle, and personal preferences. ICL might be a better choice for patients with high degrees of myopia, thin corneas, or dry eyes, as it doesn’t involve reshaping the cornea and maintains the eye’s natural structure.

2. What is the Cost of ICL Eye Surgery in India?

The cost of ICL surgery varies on several factors such as the surgeon’s experience, the complexity of the case, the type of lens used, and the geographical location of the clinic. On an average, you can expect the cost to be in the range of INR 70,000 to INR 1,00,000 per eye.

3. How is ICL Inserted?

ICL is inserted through a minimally invasive procedure. First, a small incision is made at the base of the cornea. The ICL is folded and inserted through this incision with a special injector. Once inside the eye, the lens unfolds and is positioned behind the iris and in front of the natural lens.

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