What Is Myopia & What Are The Types Of Eye Surgery To Correct It

types of eye surgery for myopia

Are you battling myopia, commonly known as nearsightedness? Seeking clarity on the types of eye surgery for myopia available today? We are here to assist. This comprehensive guide breaks down the specifics of various refractive surgery options, enabling you to make an informed decision about your myopia correction.

What Is Myopia? Understanding Its Causes

What Is Myopia-Understanding Its CausesMyopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a common vision condition where distant objects appear blurred while near objects remain clear. This condition affects a significant proportion of the population and often develops in childhood, with the potential to progress throughout the teenage years.

The primary cause of myopia is an elongated eye shape, leading to light focusing in front of the retina instead of directly onto it. This elongation can be due to genetic factors or environmental influences such as excessive close-up work like reading or screen usage.

Besides eye shape, the cornea’s excessive curvature can also contribute to myopia. In such cases, the cornea — the clear front cover of the eye — bends or refracts light more than necessary, resulting in a misfocus onto the retina.

Which Surgery Is Best For Myopia? 

Selecting the best surgery for myopia is not a one-size-fits-all answer. It relies on several factors including your degree of myopia, corneal thickness, lifestyle, and overall eye health. Here, we detail the most common types of eye surgery for myopia to assist in your decision-making process.

Laser-Assisted In-Situ Keratomileusis (LASIK)

LASIK is one of the most recognized refractive surgeries for myopia correction worldwide. The procedure involves creating a thin corneal flap, reshaping the underlying cornea with a precision laser, and then repositioning the flap. The reshaped cornea aids in improved focus of light onto the retina. Benefits of LASIK include rapid visual recovery and minimal postoperative discomfort.

Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK)

PRK is another viable option for myopia correction. Unlike LASIK, PRK does not involve creating a corneal flap. Instead, the outer layer of the cornea (the epithelium) is removed to expose the area for laser reshaping. PRK is often suitable for individuals with thinner corneas. While PRK’s recovery is slower than LASIK, it eliminates the risks associated with a corneal flap.

Laser Epithelial Keratomileusis (LASEK)

LASEK combines elements of both LASIK and PRK. During LASEK, a thin flap of epithelium is created, and repositioned after the laser treatment. This technique can be an optimal choice for individuals with thinner corneas or those who participate in contact sports, as there is no risk of a deep corneal flap being dislodged.

Refractive Lens Exchange (RLE)

Although typically used for presbyopia and high hyperopia, RLE can be an option for high myopia. In RLE, the eye’s natural lens is replaced with an artificial one, eliminating any future potential for cataracts.

Intracorneal Rings (ICRs)

For lower degrees of myopia, ICRs can be an effective solution. Small segments are placed into the cornea to reshape it for improved vision. ICRs present a reversible option, offering a level of comfort for those cautious of more permanent procedures.

How To Decide Which Eye Surgery for Myopia Is Right For You

Considerations To Decide Which Eye Surgery for Myopia Is Right For YouChoosing the correct type of eye surgery for myopia is a critical decision, one that should be made in collaboration with your eye care professional. Here are some key considerations to guide you:

  • Evaluate Your Eye Health – Comprehensive eye health is crucial for any refractive surgery. Conditions like dry eyes, corneal diseases, or eye infections can impact your eligibility for certain procedures. It’s important to address these issues first.
  • Understand Your Degree of Myopia – The extent of your myopia is a determining factor. For instance, ICRs are typically used for lower degrees of myopia, while RLE may be considered for high myopia.
  • Consider Your Lifestyle – Your day-to-day activities can also play a role in determining the best procedure. If you regularly participate in contact sports or other high-risk activities, certain procedures may be more suitable due to less risk of corneal flap displacement.
  • Corneal Thickness Matters – The thickness of your cornea can guide the type of procedure that would be best. LASIK requires enough corneal thickness to create a flap, while PRK or LASEK might be more suitable for thinner corneas.
  • Age Is Not Just A Number – Certain refractive surgeries may be better suited for different age groups. For example, RLE might be a better option for older patients, as it also eliminates the potential for cataracts.
  • Analyze Risk Tolerance – Lastly, understand your comfort with potential risks and complications. Each procedure comes with its own set of potential risks, and it’s important that you’re comfortable with these before proceeding.


In the journey to correct myopia, understanding the types of eye surgery options at your disposal empowers you to make the most informed decision. Each option, be it LASIK, PRK, LASEK, RLE, or ICRs, has its unique advantages and considerations.

At EyeMantra, we are dedicated to providing the most advanced LASIK options including  PRK, Femto Lasik, SMILE surgery, Standard lasik, ICL and Contoura vision.

LASIK surgery is a safe, 10-minute procedure that can free you from the constraints of glasses, giving you the liberty to enjoy life with clear vision. If you have any questions on Lasik surgery in Delhi, Lasik surgery cost and Lasik procedure, call us at 9711116605 or email at [email protected], and embark on your journey towards improved vision today.


1. What is the Latest Surgery for Myopia?

The latest advancement in myopia surgery is the SMILE (Small Incision Lenticule Extraction) procedure. It’s a minimally invasive procedure that uses a femtosecond laser to reshape the cornea, offering a quick recovery time and less post-operative discomfort.

2. Is Myopia Surgery Safe?

Yes, myopia surgeries like LASIK, PRK, and SMILE are generally safe. As with any surgical procedure, they do carry some risks, such as dry eyes or temporary visual disturbances. However, complications are rare and most can be managed effectively.

3. Is Myopia Surgery Painful?

Most myopia surgeries are painless due to the use of numbing drops before the procedure. Post-surgery, some patients may experience mild discomfort, which usually subsides within a few days.

4. Is Myopia Curable Without Surgery?

While myopia can be managed without surgery through the use of glasses or contact lenses, it’s not ‘curable’ in the traditional sense. Certain eye exercises and lifestyle changes can help slow down the progression of myopia, especially in children, but these do not eliminate the condition.

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